IPON Research Network


Namibian partners have actively collaborated with the Ovatue, Ovatjimba and the San Indigenous peoples in 3 communities since the COVID-19 pandemic.

Map of Namibia

Country Context

Food System Characteristics

The Ovatue and Ovatjimba are largely nomadic and pastoralists and rely on livestock and crop farming. The government has a drought relief programme in place to cater for communities that are not able to meet their food needs and there is also a special social protection programme for the San. The San largely rely on rainfed crop farming as well as use of non timber forest products.

Main climatic & environmental stresses

Drought has been increasing in frequency with occasional floods in the northern regions. The creation of national parks on Indigenous homelands has moved especially the San communities from the landscapes where they used to derive their livelihood into largely marginal lands.

Main social stresses

The San have been relocated into marginal lands where they rely on crop farming and since the forced removal from procalimed national parks, this caused the community to split in different directions and thus their social capital and safety nets were broken and increased their vulnerability and marginalisation. The major stressors are climate change, high unemployment, low literacy levels and food insecurity.

Key Collaborators

Team Members

Cecil Togarepi

Master Cecil Togarepi

Principal Investigator

University of Namibia


PhD Candidate, and MSc holder. Cecil Togarepi is a Lecturer at the University of Namibia with a background in Agricultural Economics. His interests are in agribusiness, agricultural development, value chain development, encroacher bush value addition, climate change adaptation, livelihood resilience, and food security.

Martha Hangula

Master Martha Hangula


University of Namibia


MSc Martha Hangula is an Agricultural Economist who specializes in Agricultural and Resource Economics. Her research interests areas are Food systems and Food Security, Climate adaptation and resilience, Indigenous people, Agricultural extension and technology adoption studies as well as Socio-economic studies.